People who have disabilities are part of our community, so it stands to reason that people with disabilities are part of the professional library community. The disabilities can be congenital, acquired through an accident, or developed as part of the aging process. In today's technologically advanced world, there is no reason why accommodations cannot be made to enable people with disabilities to work within the library community. Furthermore, the Americans with Disabilities Act requires that “reasonable accommodation” be provided for most disabilities.
Screen readers and text-enlargement software programs enable persons with visual disabilities to access online information; ergonomically designed furniture enables persons with lumbar disabilities to work in relative comfort; ergonomically designed keyboards and large-grip pens enable persons with physical disabilities such as arthritis and carpal tunnel syndrome to work with greater ease; good lighting, correctly adjusted monitor displays, and the elimination of glare enable staff experiencing vision loss to continue to work efficiently throughout the workday; and people who are deaf benefit from good lighting and software programs that give the user a visual cue instead of auditory alerts when programs change.
Job sharing, flexible assignments, and good resource management can help people with disabilities get through the workweek, contribute to the community, and earn a living. For example, a person may have a disability that prevents him or her from lifting heavy loads; pairing this person with another staff member who can do the lifting when needed is a solution and a reasonable accommodation.
Administrators must ensure that the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) mandates and rules set forward by the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, including Sections 504 and 508 regarding electronic information, are adhered to for staff in the same manner as they are for the general public. Staff should be aware of their rights as well as those of their colleagues and assist whenever possible to allow the library staff to be a reflection of the community while rendering the best service possible. Be aware that larger institutions are required to have a Section 504/508 or ADA coordinator.
Do not hesitate to hire persons with disabilities for fear they will need expensive equipment to perform their duties. Often the accommodations are cost effective, and in some cases the accommodations may be underwritten by state rehabilitation agencies. This resource guide is meant to begin the discussion only. Please check with your organization’s human resources or personnel department, Section 504/508 or ADA coordinator, or general counsel for specific workplace-accommodation requirements.